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Our Production

What is the most crucial aspect in wheels manufacturing? We see it as a mix of science and art. Combine it with continuous innovations and multistage quality check and you will get the best product .

Production capacities entail 4 modern full-cycle plants: 2 alloy wheels plants with total output of 2 million units per year and 2 steel wheels plants producing 1.5 million units per year. Each plant meets all the requirements of ISO 14001:2004, ISO/TS 16949, ISO 9001:2008. All products have certificates of compliance TSE, CE.

Wheels are designed and manufactured only by highly professional designers and engineers. Thanks to our recruitment system, we are always able to build a team of qualified best-in- class specialists and experts.

Virtual tests

We know everything about a wheel long before it is casted. Development of each model begins with a virtual mold simulation. Engineers design a 3D model and then take it through all types of virtual tests. Software allows us to forecast, how a wheel will act on test benches. When a 3D model is approved, we are sell a tryout batch, which is tested under real conditions.

Alloy wheels production

New model’s life cycle starts with mold casting. Our alloy and steel wheels are manufactured from raw materials of the highest quality from our trusted suppliers. Raw materials for steel wheels are supplied by Baosteel Group, worldwide renowned metallurgic giant.

Main alloy components are molten aluminum, silicon and alloying additives. In the process of production, we use aluminum cast alloy combined with T6 heat-treatment technology. It has the best heat-treatment resistance and 20% better resistance to mechanical impacts. When it’s ready, a tryout sample goes to spectral analysis to be checked for compliance with all regulations and standards.

Wheels are casted with 2 methods: low-pressure and gravity die casting. With our 25 7-axis automatic low-pressure casting stations and 20 gravity die casting machines, we ensure complete mold filling and tight alloy’s microstructure. Manufactured castings then undergo an X-ray check to exclude any internal defects.

Highly accurate NC machines are able to cast and do the mechanical processing of any wheels sizes from 12 to 30 inches. We can also easily launch a required mold upon customer’s request.

Paint lines of factory installed at plants are equipped with the cutting-edge equipment from Italy. In production process, factory use environment-friendly powder paints, which uniformly apply to wheel’s body improving the paintwork quality on even surfaces, sharp angles and edges. This method ensures high throwing power and absence of sagging, paint defects or orange peel.

Thanks to high covering power of powder paints, wheels look great and resist to chemicals and mechanical impacts for years.

Steel wheels production

Steel wheels are manufactured from sheet metal supplied in coils. These coils are unrolled and cut separately for each wheel size. Each workpiece goes through roll-forging, pressing and welding to become a semi-finished product, which is then profiled and given the shape of a wheel’s rim.

At the assembly line, wheel spokes are pressed into the rim and welded with 4-stroke CO2 spot welding. A finished wheel is checked according to quality requirements and covered with protective and decorative coating.

Bench testing

Before they are released from production, wheels go through all kinds of quality checks on test benches in our own laboratory: test for tension, radial runout, dynamic balancing, tightness, corrosion resistance, structural integrity, micro cracks, chromatic control and paint adhesive properties.

YST Group guarantees its customers the unrivalled quality and stable consumer properties at 99.3% during the whole wheel’s lifetime of the wheel.

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In 2016, construction of a new stamped wheels plant kicked off in Yaroslavl. Backed by YST Group as a main investor, the wheels production facility was built and launched on the investor’s premises within a short time. Thus, at the end of 2017, the first full-cycle plant for production of stamped wheels for passenger cars and LCVs began to operate in Yaroslavl.

The plant creates a developed industrial infrastructure around its premises.

All manufacturing processes are highly automated with the line equipment supplied from Italy, USA, China and Russia. Production capacity is 1.5 million wheels per year. The plant produces 13", 14", 15", 16" and 17" wheels for all popular automotive brands. This new facility also allows us to relocate the flow of goods from China to Russia. We already deliver finished products to Russian OEMs, which will install our wheels on their vehicles as standard, and signed contracts for wheels export to Europe. All wheels produced in Russia comply with the German TUV and Italian Qualilab standards. The production meets a range of ISO 9001 international standards, while reliability of final products complies with regulations applied in Russia, North America, Europe and Asia.

The social importance of this new plant can be clearly seen already today with dozens of engineers and operators engaged in the manufacturing process. The production facility creates over 150 new jobs and improves the welfare and economic situation in the region.

Besides our commitment to cost-efficient production, we are implementing environmental sustainability approach. We have developed a long-term program to reduce emissions of the new plant, which includes international standards and environmental monitoring systems.

All this allows us to adjust production load in real time and keep emissions within permissible limits.

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In 2018, under the agreement with the Vissol wheels manufacturer, production of forged wheels was launched at the premises of YST Group in Yaroslavl.

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Forged wheels are intended primarily for premium and luxury cars. To produce these wheels, the Vissol team uses 6061 aluminum alloy with alloying additives of magnesium, copper, silicon, zinc, and other metals. This alloy is used for manufacturing parts in the aircraft industry.

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Each wheel blank is stamped several times to form a solid wheel rim without spokes and holes.

Then, the products undergo two heat treatment operations – hardening and tempering – to remove internal strain in the metal.

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During the next stage, our designer develops a 3D model of the wheel. Once the design is approved, engineers verify if the wheel meets the specified TUV standards. In parallel, the required load and safety of the design are calculated.

Wheel processing starts with the loading of a 3D model program into computer-controlled equipment. At this stage, the wheel goes through a thorough turning process.

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Next, a wheel blank is delivered to a CNC milling machine, where the front side and mounting holes are sawed out. This work is completed in around 12 hours. Then, the wheel is painted.

At the last stage, each wheel goes through final quality check and pre-sale preparation. The Vissol team prepares final products for transportation: multi-layer packaging helps to deliver wheels without any damage or scratches.

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The Vissol team elaborated a unique Vissol Individual Program for the customers. It is designed specifically for the most sophisticated and demanding clients who want to show their individuality, character, and status. Thanks to this, any aesthetic desires of the customers can come into life. They can choose any design and color, or change parameters of the wheel concavity, and also make a personal engraving.

Each client is offered a dedicated manager who will take care of the whole project, so that the customer receives a quality product and is satisfied with the result.